Qualitative Item Review
Expert Review | Focus Groups
| Cognitive Interviews | PROMIS Standards for Measure Development
| PROMIS Standards slide deck
Qualitative Item Review (QIR) prepared items for administration by further categorizing,
unifying, and re–writing them to produce a set of items that are relevant,
optimized, and adapted to the technologies we are using: computer based training,
computerized adaptive test, and item response theory.
Similar to scale development processes, item preparation through QIR created new
items and adapted existing items based on two key sources: expert opinion (expert
item review; EIR) and patients/potential research participants (the focus groups
and cognitive interviews tasks).
The focus groups helped provide patient input to conceptual gaps in the domain definition
leading to the identification of new items, especially where it was judged that
existing items did not provide adequate coverage.
The cognitive interviews helped ensure that items could be understood with the intended
interpretation by potential research participants, especially those with low literacy.
Specific procedures for conducting focus groups and cognitive interviews were outlined
By incorporating existing methods of scale development into the preparation of the
items, the QIR process was a critical part of how PROMIS has carried out the charge
of developing and testing new technologies to measure patient-reported outcomes
Follow this link for the full Qualitative
Item Review Protocol.
To review domain–specific Expert Review summaries, please contact:
Publications Reporting Qualitative Item Review